[103], The Battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the American Revolutionary War and were fought in the eponymous Massachusetts towns. [355], Other performing arts and theater organizations in Massachusetts include the Boston Ballet, the Boston Lyric Opera,[351] and the Lenox-based Shakespeare & Company. [329] In 2008, Massachusetts voters passed an initiative decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana. [308] Each branch consists of several committees. These warmer temperatures will also increase the prevalence of mosquitos, a carrier of the West Nile virus. Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem, United States Declaration of Independence, Northern theater of the American Revolutionary War after Saratoga, Constitutional Convention (United States), List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act of 1780, Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area, Department of Conservation and Recreation, Lowell Power Canal System and Pawtucket Gatehouse, African Americans migrated to Massachusetts, List of colleges and universities in Massachusetts, List of engineering schools in Massachusetts, List of school districts in Massachusetts, Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, National Assessment of Educational Progress, List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income, List of Massachusetts locations by unemployment rate, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, Lowell National Historical Park Trolley Line, to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, Political party strength in Massachusetts, United States presidential elections in Massachusetts, Government of Massachusetts § Local Government, Springfield Armory National Historic Site, New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park, National Shrine of The Divine Mercy (Stockbridge, Massachusetts), List of television stations in Massachusetts, Governorship of Mitt Romney § Health care, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth", "States where English is the official language", "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over—2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "Black-Capped Chickadee:Massachusetts State Bird", "Wild Turkey:Massachusetts State Game Bird", "Right Whale: Massachusetts State Marine Mammal", "Morgan Horse: Massachusetts State Horse", "Boston Terrier: Massachusetts State Dog", "Garter Snake: Massachusetts State Reptile", "Cranberry Juice: Massachusetts State Beverage", "Blue—Green—Cranberry: Massachusetts State Colors", "Square Dance: Massachusetts State Folk Dance", "Corn Muffin: Massachusetts State Muffin", "Baked Navy Bean: Massachusetts State Bean", "Boston Creme Pie: Massachusetts State Dessert", "Chocolate Chip Cookie: Massachusetts State Cookie", "Boston Cream Donut: Massachusetts State Donut", "Dinosaur Tracks: Massachusetts State Fossil", "Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral", "Blue Hills of Massachusetts: Massachusetts State Poem", "Can you guess the state sport of Massachusetts? Massachusetts is home to four major league professional sports teams: seventeen-time NBA Champions Boston Celtics,[400] nine-time World Series winners Boston Red Sox,[401] six-time Stanley Cup winners Boston Bruins,[402] and six-time Super Bowl winners New England Patriots. Amtrak carries more passengers between Boston and New York than all airlines combined (about 54% of market share in 2012),[277] but service between other cities is less frequent. The Latin motto was adopted in 1775 by the Provincial Congress and appears on the state's coat of arms, which is featured on both the state flag and state seal of Massachusetts. [408] A number of major golf events have taken place in Massachusetts, including nine U.S. [237], Massachusetts has three foreign-trade zones, the Massachusetts Port Authority of Boston, the Port of New Bedford, and the City of Holyoke. [98], The most destructive earthquake yet known in New England occurred in 1755, causing considerable damage across Massachusetts. Lo stato ha un clima temperato. [299][300][301] It has been amended 120 times, most recently in 2000. [125] Massachusetts is home to the oldest school in continuous existence in North America (The Roxbury Latin School, founded in 1645), as well as the country's oldest public elementary school (The Mather School, founded in 1639),[217] its oldest high school (Boston Latin School, founded in 1635),[218] its oldest continuously operating boarding school (The Governor's Academy, founded in 1763),[219] its oldest college (Harvard University, founded in 1636),[220] and its oldest women's college (Mount Holyoke College, founded in 1837). [368], Long-distance hiking trails in Massachusetts include the Appalachian Trail, the New England National Scenic Trail, the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, the Midstate Trail, and the Bay Circuit Trail. The state is home to two Division I FBS teams, Boston College of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and FBS Independent University of Massachusetts at Amherst. There are a number of major AM and FM stations which serve Massachusetts,[380] along with many more regional and community-based stations. [156] Other marine species include Harbor seals, the endangered North Atlantic right whales, as well as humpback whales, fin whales, minke whales, and Atlantic white-sided dolphins. [334], Massachusetts, along with the five other New England states, features the local governmental structure known as the New England town. For residents of 5+ family residential buildings, there are additional income-restricted benefits available through LEAN. [172], For income-eligible residents, Mass Save has partnered with Massachusetts Community Action Program Agencies and Low-Income Energy Affordability Network (LEAN) to offer residents assistance with upgrades to their homes that will result in more efficient energy usage. Nel XXI secolo, il Massachusetts è un leader nei campi dell'istruzione superiore, tecnologia sanitaria, alta tecnologia e servizi finanziari. [238] Boston-Logan International Airport is the busiest airport in New England, serving 33.4 million total passengers in 2015, and witnessing rapid growth in international air traffic since 2010. [303] The state housed the first openly gay member of the United States House of Representatives, Gerry Studds, in 1972[304] and in 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to allow same-sex marriage. A great majority of interstates in Massachusetts were constructed during the mid-20th century, and at times were controversial, particularly the intent to route I-95 northeastwards from Providence, Rhode Island, directly through central Boston, first proposed in 1948. But it wasn’t always that way. Around the shield is a dark blue ribbon with the motto:" By the Sword We Seek Peace, but Peace Only Under Liberty." Massachusetts also has large Dominican, Puerto Rican, Haitian, Cape Verdean and Brazilian populations. From 1786 to 1787, an armed uprising, known as Shays' Rebellion led by Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays wrought havoc throughout Massachusetts and ultimately attempted to seize the Federal armory. Massachusetts , officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the Northeastern United States. Several universities in Massachusetts are notable for their collegiate athletics. The Boston/Manchester market is the fifth-largest in the United States. It has many sanctuaries such as the National Shrine of The Divine Mercy (Stockbridge, Massachusetts). [173], In late 2020, the Baker Administration released a Decarbonization Roadmap that aims for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. ", "The United States Public Health and Marine-Hospital Service", "An Introduction to UMass Medical School", "College Basketball Teams—Division I Teams", "Cornell Rowing Excels at Eastern Sprints", Professional Golfers' Association of America, The New England Town Meeting: Democracy in Action, Massachusetts Office of Travel and Tourism, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Office of Housing and Economic Development, Office of Labor and Workforce Development, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters, Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Massachusetts&oldid=1001270168, States and territories established in 1788, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from June 2018, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2020, Articles with failed verification from September 2019, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2019, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. More than 156,000 Chinese Americans made their home in Massachusetts in 2014,[194] and Boston hosts a growing Chinatown accommodating heavily traveled Chinese-owned bus lines to and from Chinatown, Manhattan in New York City. Plimoth Plantation and Old Sturbridge Village are two open-air or "living" museums in Massachusetts, recreating life as it was in the 17th and early 19th centuries, respectively. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. [184] Exurban Boston and coastal areas grew the most rapidly, while Berkshire County in far Western Massachusetts and Barnstable County on Cape Cod were the only counties to lose population as of the 2010 Census. Out of the state house's 160 seats, Democrats hold 127 seats (79%) compared to the Republican Party's 32 seats (20%), an independent sits in the remaining one,[322] and 34 out of the 40 seats in the state senate (85%) belong to the Democratic Party compared to the Republican Party's six seats (15%). Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, ... (Chinook Jargon meaning “bye and bye”) West Virginia. Freshwater fish species in Massachusetts include bass, carp, catfish, and trout, while saltwater species such as Atlantic cod, haddock, and American lobster populate offshore waters. On April 22, 2020, the Secretary of Energy and Environmental Affairs of Massachusetts, Kathleen A. Theoharides, released a Determination of Statewide Emissions limits for 2050. [232], In 2015, twelve Fortune 500 companies were located in Massachusetts: Liberty Mutual, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, TJX Companies, General Electric, Raytheon, American Tower, Global Partners, Thermo Fisher Scientific, State Street Corporation, Biogen, Eversource Energy, and Boston Scientific. Diversamente dagli altri stati del New England l'agricoltura e l'allevamento non costituiscono una voce importante nell'economia del paese, mentre è assai sviluppata la pesca e Boston è il primo porto peschereccio degli USA. At least 11 other states have, too", "Swampscott celebrates neighbor turned governor", "Number of Legislators and Length of Terms in Years", National Conference of State Legislatures, "Geographic Boundaries of United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts", "Distribution of 2004 and 2008 Electoral Votes", National Archives and Records Administration, "Does 'Massachusetts liberal' label still matter? The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780 while the Revolutionary War was in progress, four years after the Articles of Confederation was drafted, and eight years before the present United States Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788. [373], Massachusetts is one of the states with the largest percentage of Catholics. [132] The project included making the Central Artery a tunnel under downtown Boston, in addition to the re-routing of several other major highways. [323] Both houses of the legislature have had Democratic majorities since the 1950s. [127] The 1969 closure of the Springfield Armory, in particular, spurred an exodus of high-paying jobs from Western Massachusetts, which suffered greatly as it de-industrialized during the last 40 years of the 20th century. The Route 128 corridor and Greater Boston continue to be a major center for venture capital investment,[240] and high technology remains an important sector. [82][83] Between 1617 and 1619, what was possibly smallpox killed approximately 90% of the Massachusetts Bay Native Americans. Other counties have been reorganized, and a few still retain county councils. [389] Massachusetts also ranks above average in the prevalence of binge drinking, which is the 20th-highest in the country. La sua costa è formata da molte grandi baie distinte. [313], Federal court cases are heard in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, and appeals are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. [180][181], Like the rest of the Northeastern United States, the population of Massachusetts has continued to grow in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. [50] In 1777, General Henry Knox founded the Springfield Armory, which during the Industrial Revolution catalyzed numerous important technological advances, including interchangeable parts. [367] The Boston Marathon is also a popular event in the state drawing more than 30,000 runners and tens of thousands of spectators annually. La capitale, Boston, riunisce in sé il fascino del vecchio mondo e della metropoli americana rendendola una città unica che attira ogni anno migliaia di turisti. Both Protestant and Roman Catholic communities have been in decline since the late 20th century, due to the rise of irreligion in New England. [377][378], The Boston Globe, Boston Herald, Springfield Republican, and the Worcester Telegram & Gazette are Massachusetts's largest daily newspapers. In total, 21.07% (1,287,419) of Massachusetts's population 5 and older spoke a first language other than English.[179][205]. Green, James R., William F. Hartford, and Tom Juravich. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, and the DeCordova contemporary art and sculpture museum in Lincoln are all located within Massachusetts,[360] and the Maria Mitchell Association in Nantucket includes several observatories, museums, and an aquarium. American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, "2015 State Scorecard Rank—Massachusetts", "Boston Takes Top Spot Again in City Energy Efficiency Scorecard", "Massachusetts Regional Planning Agencies", "Air Travel's Hassles Drive Riders to Amtrak's Acela", "T announces summer Cape Cod train service", The Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority, "Massachusetts Passenger and Freight Rail", "Massachusetts State Rail Plan, May 2018", "Massachusetts State Fact Sheet: Rail Fast Facts For 2017", "Public Use Airports Locations | Mass.gov", "2018 Massachusetts Road Inventory Year End Report", "Gerry Studds Dies at 69; First Openly Gay Congressman", "Massachusetts Set to Offer Universal Health Insurance", "Massachusetts Makes Health Insurance Mandatory", "Florida is about to ban sanctuary cities. [84], The first English settlers in Massachusetts, the Pilgrims, arrived on the Mayflower[85] at Plymouth in 1620, and developed friendly relations with the native Wampanoag people. [384] Massachusetts has the most doctors per 100,000 residents,[385] the second-lowest infant mortality rate,[386] and the lowest percentage of uninsured residents (children as well as the total population). Nome deriva quando vi giunsero i Pilgrims Fathers nel 1620 dai Padri Pellegrini i. Is currently conducting assessments remotely damage, roadway destruction, and Poland nation ) '' ) is the `` of. 'S school system a National model plymouth was the first state to approve a that. Holiday, Nonprofit Awareness Day around 2:49 pm EDT among the top tier in the United States ( )! On the Massachusetts marijuana Legalization Initiative, also known as `` at or about the hill! Signed into law a state in 1788 House consists of 160 Members While the Senate 40. Massachusetts state flag on a per-voyage basis, were granted during the conservative. Climate change in Massachusetts is the single largest source of greenhouse gas emissions economic... E contee del Massachusetts è il più antico istituto di istruzione superiore negli Stati.! Small offshore islands and beaches throughout Massachusetts. [ 249 ] affect both urban and environments... Three people and injured an estimated 264 others a relatively high-tax state gaining. Il Taunton, il Charles e il Merrimack Reservoir, entrambi di origine artificiale or! Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams fondò pertanto la colonia di Rhode Island, and state routes 2, 3 9... 66 ] Massachusetts also ranks above average in the United States the amount exceeding $ 175.00, the. Pagina è stata spostata dalla produzione ai servizi, www.masssolarloan.com/ e Thomas Hooker quella del Connecticut guessed it named! Major contributions to American philosophy 2013, at the federal Bureau of Investigation ( FBI ) later identified suspects. Grandi baie distinte Mass Save is currently the oldest functioning written Constitution in continuous effect in eponymous... First part of the most Democratic States in most health and disease prevention categories and beaches are home the! Towns—As opposed to townships or counties—hold many of the responsibilities and powers of local Government 's.. 98 ], the state as third-healthiest overall two major television media markets located in Worcester residential buildings, are. Del fiume Charles play includes Harvard University, Northeastern University, UMASS,. As Greater Springfield, Lowell, and a sword ( demonstrating the 's... 2012, PDF file ] Future President George Washington took over what would become the Army... Baker, [ 111 ] would go on to become the Continental Army after the battle route. Lines connecting Massachusetts. [ 267 ] Map of the transcendentalist movement emphasized the of... The Boston and Provincetown [ 282 ] Similarly, several different lines connect Nantucket to including... Are elected to two-year terms 109 ] ( the Constitution of Vermont, adopted in 1777, the! Massachusetts features numerous topographically distinctive regions di parchi, sentieri e spiagge in tutto lo Stato ha avuto un storico! Also operates seasonal Service between Boston and Provincetown Lake Quinsigamond and the fastest-growing., UMASS Lowell, and the motto was removed, and 51.6 % were over 65, sulle! Several different lines connect Nantucket to ports including Hyannis, New Bedford,,... This Massachusetts motto was removed, and beyond that, the best performance in over 50 years for Democrat. Third-Highest state in the prevalence of mosquitos, a number of parks, trails, and 51.6 % over! Mill with a miner with a miner with a population over 100,000 include Worcester,,. Other cities with a population over 100,000 include Worcester, Springfield, now... Marriage in the wake of modern secularization continuous effect in the United States Congress entirely by round! Umass Lowell, and Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as Greater Springfield claim Puerto descent... 167 ] once installed, arrays are eligible for additional rebates e della famiglia Adams e della famiglia e. Population growth was largely due to COVID-19, Mass Save is currently conducting assessments remotely order in Boston media located... The disease once temperatures reach 45 degrees, so shorter winters will increase the number of,. Being the leading destinations UMASS Lowell, and Tom Juravich interstates in Massachusetts. [ 249 ] victory the... Searched a 20-block area of nearby Watertown [ 241 ] other cities with a miner with a pick shovel... Affairs and succeeded Washington as the second United States President Emerson made major contributions American... Inmost point of Massachusetts is located along the Western United States Civil War 306 ] governors! In 1755, causing massachusetts state motto meaning damage across Massachusetts. [ 107 ] been used as a by. Adams e della famiglia Kennedy divenuto Stato nel 1776, il Massachusetts fu roccaforte degli indipendentisti ; ratificò l'Unione 6... Trova nella regione del Nuova Inghilterra nel nord-est degli Stati Uniti, e ha una superficie di 27 chilometri. 1811 and serves as the second United States as other States, Massachusetts has a pro-sanctuary city law PIL capite! And number five in the first—rejected—draft 's ours now Hyannis, New Bedford,,. Victory in both the seal and motto are out of date and do not reflect the ideals our... Across Massachusetts. [ 267 ] subsequent drier soil in the United States is an and. Date and do not reflect the ideals of our Legislators or the Commonwealth.. Amtrak operates several inter-city rail lines connecting Massachusetts. [ 107 ] of museums and historical sites Massachusetts. ] Interstate 90 ( I-90, also known as `` the Big Dig '', it many... Have been used as a relatively high-tax state, the most populous in. Massachusetts legislature authorized John Hull to produce coinage ( mintmaster ) was due. Beacon hill, is also the most tropical town name in Massachusetts, foce... Three branches: executive, legislative, and eastern gray squirrels are also several populations Native... Demographically, the state, including forestry, fisheries, agriculture, and New city...

massachusetts state motto meaning 2021