Historically, light waxing and oiling were the first treatments used in ancient times, providing a wetting effect, thereby enhancing the colour and lustre. [10], Turquoise deposits are widespread in North America. Een stukje turkoois. Other mines include the Blue Bird mine, Castle Dome, and Ithaca Peak, but they are mostly inactive due to the high cost of operations and federal regulations. Hardness and richness of colour are two of the major factors in determining the value of turquoise; while colour is a matter of individual taste, generally speaking, the most desirable is a strong sky to robin egg blue (in reference to the eggs of the American robin). Die APL Turquoise is 'n houerskip van die American President Lines (APL) uit 1996. Glass and plastic will have a much greater translucency, with bubbles or flow lines often visible just below the surface. Since at least the First Dynasty (3000 BCE) in ancient Egypt, and possibly before then, turquoise was used by the Egyptians and was mined by them in the Sinai Peninsula. This process took place at a relatively shallow depth, and by 1965 the mines had "bottomed" at a depth averaging just 9 meters (30 ft) below the surface. It was initially named by Iranians "pērōzah" meaning "victory", and later the Arabs called it "fayrūzah", which is pronounced in Modern Persian as "fīrūzeh". The Aztecs inlaid turquoise, together with gold, quartz, malachite, jet, jade, coral, and shells, into provocative (and presumably ceremonial[clarification needed]) mosaic objects such as masks (some with a human skull as their base), knives, and shields. The use of Prussian blue and other dyes (often in conjunction with bonding treatments) to "enhance” its appearance, make uniform or completely change the colour, is regarded as fraudulent by some purists,[21] especially since some dyes may fade or rub off on the wearer. It is one of the most incredible book we have read. Download PDF Turquoise by Griffith, Marilynn Authored by Griffith, Marilynn Released at 2007 Filesize: 1.59 MB Reviews A whole new electronic book with an all new perspective. [13], China has been a minor source of turquoise for 3,000 years or more. The majority of American material is now treated in this manner although it is a costly process requiring many months to complete. [citation needed]. Additionally, Marco Polo reported turquoise found in present-day Sichuan. Believing that she meant she wanted to photograph the paintings, Warhol agreed. 4. Her titles included "Lady of Turquoise", "Mistress of Turquoise", and "Lady of Turquoise Country". Morenci and Turquoise Peak are either inactive or depleted. De baai is één van de mooiste van deze streek. All Bisbee turquoise was "lunch pail" mined. Turquesa (minahan sa Mehiko) , Estado de Baja California, Ensenada, 30°02′58″N 115°26′45″W  /  30.04957°N 115.44582°V  / 30.04957; -115.44582  ( Turquesa (minahan sa Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight may also discolour or dehydrate turquoise. People who practise holistic medicine say that turquoise has a calming effect on patients. The colour of Sinai material is typically greener than that of Iranian material but is thought to be stable and fairly durable. It consists of four canvases, each a square measuring 40 inches and each consisting of a painting of Marilyn Monroe, each shot through in the forehead by a single bullet. Gilson turquoise is made in both a uniform colour and with black "spiderweb matrix" veining not unlike the natural Nevada material. Article by Jennifer Gillespie. In spite of increased costs, small scale mining operations continue at a number of turquoise properties in Nevada, including the Godber, Orvil Jack and Carico Lake mines in Lander County, the Pilot Mountain Mine in Mineral County, and several properties in the Royston and Candelaria areas of Esmerelda County. The stone is also considered sacred to the indigenous Zuni and Pueblo peoples of the American Southwest. These treatments include innocuous waxing and more controversial procedures, such as dyeing and impregnation (see Treatments). Staining between grain boundaries may be visible in dyed imitations. Care should therefore be taken when wearing such jewels: cosmetics, including sunscreen and hair spray, should be applied before putting on turquoise jewellery, and they should not be worn to a beach or other sun-bathed environment. While rarely encountered today, odontolite was once mined in large quantities—specifically for its use as a substitute for turquoise—in southern France. [4] The word turquoise dates to the 17th century and is derived from the French turquois meaning "Turkish" because the mineral was first brought to Europe through Turkey from mines in the historical Khorasan of Iran (Persia).[2][3][4][5]. Crystals, even at the microscopic scale, are rare. After she had shot the Marilyns and left, Andy Warhol purportedly asked Billy Name to please ask Dorothy not to do that again. Turquoise of turkoois is de benaming voor kleuren die qua tint overeenkomen met de kleur van het mineraal turkoois. Marilyn Monroe, vlastním jménem Norma Jeane Mortenson, (1. června 1926 Los Angeles, Kalifornie – 5. srpna 1962 Brentwood, Los Angeles) byla americká filmová herečka, modelka, zpěvačka a producentka.. Většinu svého dětství strávila v pěstounské péči a sirotčinci, v roce 1946 pak podepsala smlouvu s filmovým studiem Twentieth Century Fox a věnovala se modelingu. Some destructive tests may be necessary; for example, the application of diluted hydrochloric acid will cause the carbonates odontolite and magnesite to effervesce and howlite to turn green, while a heated probe may give rise to the pungent smell so indicative of plastic. Als je Ölüdeniz nadert, zie je in de verte paragliders langzaam naar beneden zweven. While a number of the Nevada deposits were first worked by Native Americans,[which?] It also adorned rings and great sweeping necklaces called pectorals. In de bosrijke, grote tuin van Turquoise Resort kom je heerlijk tot rust. Die skip is 294 meter lank. Andy Warhol was fascinated with fame for himself, but also of those that were famous. These are all small-scale operations, often seasonal owing to the limited scope and remoteness of the deposits. De kalmte die het uitstraalt ervaar je ook als je overdag in deze badplaats bent. [3][6] With lower hardness comes lower specific gravity (2.60–2.90)[3] and greater porosity; these properties are dependent on grain size. Dit specifieke exemplaar is aan de groenige kant en daarom minder gewild dan meer blauwe varianten. Ook hoef je voor de lunch niet ver te lopen, het villagedeelte heeft een eigen lunchrestaurant. Early backing materials included the casings of old model T batteries, old phonograph records, and more recently epoxy steel resins. Gladys negatívvágóként dolgozott a Consolidated Film Industriesnél. [1] Stalactite forms have been reported. The Ancient Egyptian use of turquoise stretches back as far as the First Dynasty and possibly earlier; however, probably the most well-known pieces incorporating the gem are those recovered from Tutankhamun's tomb, most notably the Pharaoh's iconic burial mask which was liberally inlaid with the stone. 'n TEU is 'n halwe normale vraghouer. The Shot Marilyns is a work of art produced in 1964 by Andy Warhol.It consists of four canvases, each a square measuring 40 inches and each consisting of a painting of Marilyn Monroe, each shot through in the forehead by a single bullet.. Warhol actually painted five colored Marilyns in 1964 with different colored backgrounds: red, orange, light blue, sage blue, and turquoise. Die skip het 'n vervoerkapasiteit van 4468 TEU. Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 4,1962) was an American actress, writer, model, singer and filmmaker.Between 1946 and 1962, she made 44 movies. Like coral and other opaque gems, turquoise is commonly sold at a price according to its physical size in millimetres rather than weight. Turquoise can also be adversely affected if stored in an airtight container. Marilyn Monroe 1926. június 1-jén született Norma Jeane Mortenson néven a Los Angeles-i megyei kórházban, Gladys Pearl Baker (leánykori nevén Monroe, 1902–84) harmadik gyermekeként. They use this color to treat patients prone to panic attacks or mania. Perhaps the most extreme of treatments is "reconstitution", wherein fragments of fine turquoise material, too small to be used individually, are powdered and then bonded with resin to form a solid mass. Most Chinese material is exported, but a few carvings worked in a manner similar to jade exist. The blue is attributed to idiochromatic copper while the green may be the result of either iron impurities (replacing aluminium) or dehydration. This process consists of pressure impregnation of otherwise unsaleable chalky American material by epoxy and plastics (such as polystyrene) and water glass (sodium silicate) to produce a wetting effect and improve durability. Nevada turquoise is found as nuggets, fracture fillings and in breccias as the cement filling interstices between fragments. Turquoise is treated to enhance both its colour and durability (increased hardness and decreased porosity). [citation needed], Opaque, blue-to-green mineral: hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, Some natural blue to blue-green materials, such as this, Gemmological classifications by E. Ya. Only one mine in California, located at Apache Canyon, operates at a commercial capacity today. In contemporary Western use, turquoise is most often encountered cut en cabochon in silver rings, bracelets, often in the Native American style, or as tumbled or roughly hewn beads in chunky necklaces. Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol Warhol used a wide range of colors especially in his numerous Marilyn paintings (there are Marilyn in silver, mint, pink, blue, turquoise, lemon and other colors) to underline her image as a public symbol, a cultural product. the total Nevada turquoise production since the 1870s has been estimated at more than 600 short tons (540 t), including nearly 400 short tons (360 t) from the Carico Lake mine. Being a phosphate mineral, turquoise is inherently fragile and sensitive to solvents; perfume and other cosmetics will attack the finish and may alter the colour of turquoise gems, as will skin oils, as will most commercial jewellery cleaning fluids. We weten niet of en wanneer dit item weer op voorraad is. While strong sky blues remain superior in value, mottled green and yellowish material is popular with artisans. Bonded and reconstituted material is worth considerably less. Typically the form is a vein or fracture filling, nodular, or botryoidal in habit. [1] Podber doffed her pair of black gloves, withdrew a small revolver from her purse, and fired a shot into the stack of four "Marilyn" paintings, which became known as The Shot Marilyns. [5] Several mines exist in the state, two of them famous for their unique colour and quality and considered the best in the industry: the Sleeping Beauty Mine in Globe ceased turquoise mining in August 2012. [citation needed]. Unlike elsewhere in the US, most Nevada mines have been worked primarily for their gem turquoise and very little has been recovered as a byproduct of other mining operations. Turquoise is insoluble in all but heated hydrochloric acid. Gem-quality material, in the form of compact nodules, is found in the fractured, silicified limestone of Yunxian and Zhushan, Hubei province. A significant portion of the Nevada material is also noted for its often attractive brown or black limonite veining, producing what is called "spiderweb matrix". Since finer turquoise is often found as thin seams, it may be glued to a base of stronger foreign material for reinforcement. Je bent direct bij winkelstraat , zonder dat je er hinder van hebt. [7] However, a typical turquoise deposit begins with hydrothermal deposition of copper sulfides. The most common imitation of turquoise encountered today is dyed howlite and magnesite, both white in their natural states, and the former also having natural (and convincing) black veining similar to that of turquoise. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. The Southwest United States is a significant source of turquoise; Arizona, California (San Bernardino, Imperial, Inyo counties), Colorado (Conejos, El Paso, Lake, Saguache counties), New Mexico (Eddy, Grant, Otero, Santa Fe counties) and Nevada (Clark, Elko, Esmeralda County, Eureka, Lander, Mineral County and Nye counties) are (or were) especially rich. Dissolved oxygen in the water oxidizes the copper sulfides to soluble sulfates, and the acidic, copper-laden solution then reacts with aluminum and potassium minerals in the host rock to precipitate turquoise. Other notable localities include: Afghanistan; Australia (Victoria and Queensland); north India; northern Chile (Chuquicamata); Cornwall; Saxony; Silesia; and Turkestan. Hotel Turqouise ligt in de mooie plaats Ölüdeniz. Momenteel niet verkrijgbaar. A common belief shared by many of these civilizations held that turquoise possessed certain prophylactic qualities; it was thought to change colour with the wearer's health and protect him or her from untoward forces. turquoise-marilyn-62. Very often the material sold as "reconstituted turquoise" is artificial, with little or no natural stone, made entirely from resins and dyes. Because of the geology of the Nevada deposits, a majority of the material produced is hard and dense, being of sufficient quality that no treatment or enhancement is required. The Ancestral Puebloans (Anasazi) of the Chaco Canyon and surrounding region are believed to have prospered greatly from their production and trading of turquoise objects. Singelen vart gjeven ut i Storbritannia den 30. oktober 1965 på Pye Records og nådde 30. plass der. The overlying beds were presumably the source of the copper, which precipitated as turquoise in nodules, horizontal seams, or vertical joints in the sandstone beds. Controversy exists as to whether some of these treatments should be acceptable, but one can be more or less forgiven universally: This is the light waxing or oiling applied to most gem turquoise to improve its colour and lustre; if the material is of high quality to begin with, very little of the wax or oil is absorbed and the turquoise therefore does not rely on this impermanent treatment for its beauty. Any such treatments which have been performed should be disclosed to the buyer on sale of the material. Nevada has produced a wide diversity of colours and mixes of different matrix patterns, with turquoise from Nevada coming in various shades of blue, blue-green, and green. Some of the green to green-yellow shades may actually be variscite or faustite, which are secondary phosphate minerals similar in appearance to turquoise. These workings are the oldest known, together with those of the Sinai Peninsula. 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