(ii) Name the item in which the consumption of natural rubber is the highest. (d) Which are the major pulse producing states in India? The high MSP, subsidies in input and committed FCI purchase have distorted the cropping pat¬tern. Question 22. (iii) Fertilisers, pesticides and insecticides, which once showed dramatic results, are now being held responsible for degrading the soils. Question 16. How many calories are in a chicken tamale? (i)  It is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools such as hoe, dao and digging sticks. Marginal and small farmers should be encouraged to use the latest techniques. Answer: Rubber Cultivation Answer: But that too did not achieve optimum result. The Green Revolution started in 1965 with the first introduction of High Yielding Variety (HYV) seeds in Indian agriculture.This was coupled with better and efficient irrigation and the correct use of fertilizers to boost the crop. There are two important wheat-growing zones in the country-. (a) Indian coffee is known in the world for its good quality. Question 4. Also mention the major cotton producing states of India. (a) Green Revolution: The period during which agriculture in India increased its yields due to improved agronomic technology is known as Green Revolution. This has pushed the marginal and small farmers out of cultivation. are important plantation crops. Name any four oilseeds produced in India. Name two important beverage crops grown in India. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. (v) In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc. Industrialization and urbanization also decreased the forest area. What position does India avail in the world in the production of fruits and vegetables? The end result of the Green Revolution was to make India self-sufficient when it came to food grains. (i) List any four items made of rubber and are used by us. Rubber and cotton. What have been its consequences? In which part of India is Jhumming practiced in India? Mention any three features of primitive subsistence farming. Three features of this type of farming are –, Question 2. Answer: The three cropping seasons of India are – rabi, kharif and zaid. It leads to development activities in transport and connectivity. Explain climatic conditions required for sugarcane and rubber cultivation. Mangoes are grown in Maharasthra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. JUNE P2 and MEMO. Answer: (iii)  There is no pressure on agricultural land. (b) White Revolution What are the major non-food crops grown in India? Name any two fiber crops. Green revolution definition is - the great increase in production of food grains (such as rice and wheat) due to the introduction of high-yielding varieties, to the use of … India is second in the world in crop output, next to China. Farmers have no option to shift to an­other patch of land. The major sugarcane-producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana. It requires high temperature, light rainfall or irrigation, 210 frost-free days and bright sunshine for its growth. Question 4. Social Science Class 10 Important Questions Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries. What caused the shift from green revolution to gene revolution. Name some high-value crops. OR Name of these states are – Assam, West Bengal and Odisha. How do you make a gift bow out of a dollar bill? Rice is grown mainly in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of sugarcane. They still use primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks and therefore get low productivity. What was India’s position in the world in tea production in the year 2008? Prepared by teachers of the best CBSE schools in India. Question 4. It requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall evenly distributed over the growing season. In the 1980s and 1990s, a comprehensive land development programme was initiated for the following reasons-. There should be focus on increasing foodgrain production on a sustainable basis. CBSE > Class 10 > Social Science 1 answers; Aashu Kumar 2 years, 2 months ago. Answer: The revolution began in the late 1960s. In Class 10 Geography Extra Questions, more questions will be added as per need of the students for practice. Question 5. Commercial farming is a type of farming in which farmers grow crops to sell in the market. The non-edible oilcakes are used as manures and some oilcakes like castor cake control termites due to their vermicide properties. Shaalaa has a total of 106 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 9 Geography. Distinguish between primitive subsistence farming and intensive subsistence farming. Features: Question 7. Study the following diagram carefully and answer the questions that follow – Ragi is a crop of dry regions and grows well on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils. Morning Star Class 9 Geography Chapter 3: Rotation and Revolution solutions. Assignments … Question 20. Answer: Q2 Name different types of farming as practiced in India? (v) It is grown in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, etc. Answer: Answer: Question 1. Green Revolution Indian agriculture was going through a difficult phase during the 1960s with a steady growth in population, Failed monsoons and low agricultural output feared agricultural department that food crisis would soon occur.Then the adviser to the Indian Minister of Agriculture,Dr. Pulses are beneficial for human beings too. Compared to the traditional seeds, the HYV seeds promised to … Answer: [1] Ans.3. What is primitive subsistence farming? (a) In Ahmedabad in 1858 (b) In Chennai in 1954 (c) In Kolkata in 1816 (d) In Mumbai in 1854 Q.2. Answer: Question 5. Sep 21, 2018. It does not need much insecticides, pesticides, etc. (a) Green Revolution: The period during which agriculture in India increased its yields due to improved agronomic technology is known as Green Revolution. Wheat and paddy crops are being grown more for the MSP they get. Answer: The main difference between green revolution and gene revolution is that the green revolution was the result of an intensive plant breeding programs relied on the traditional breeding methods whereas the gene revolution is the result of manipulated crop characteristics based on the microbiological techniques. This unsustainable pumping has reduced water storage in aquifers. Rubber is an equatorial crop, but it is also grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas under special conditions. There is huge pressure on agricultural land. The Green Revolution was a period when the productivity of global agriculture increased drastically as a result of new advances. Which oilseed is grown both as rabi and kharif crop? Click to see full answer. How was biotechnology most commonly used? The Bhoodan Movement was a voluntary land reform movement in India, initiated by Vinoba Bhave in 1951 at Pochampally village in Telangana. Wrong! Question 1. Answer: Question 3. Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of cotton. This type of farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. This diversification will increase their incomes as well as reduce environmental degradation. Answer: What are they known as? Where are tea and coffee grown in India? Like the Green Revolution, India also has witnessed the White Revolution initiated by Amul. (Imp) Major cotton producing states of India are – Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. It can be grown on a variety of soils and needs manual labour from sowing to harvesting. (a) Maize is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21°C to 27°C and grows well in old al¬luvial soil. Due to suitable climate and modern inputs, wheat is mainly cultivated in Punjab and Haryana. The rearing of silkworms for the production of silk fibre is known as sericulture. Answer: The primary effect of agricultural research on the non-farm poor, as well as on the rural poor who are net purchasers of food, is through lower food prices. Question 32. (Imp) This technology is environmentally safe and sustainable. and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets play an important role in the development of plantations. OR Use of organic … (iv) It grows well in hot and humid climate. (c) How is the cultivation of pulses beneficial for human beings as well as for agriculture? Merits of the Green Revolution Green Revolution introduced a number of modern farming methods in India. Rubber cultivation requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of more than 200 cm and temperature above 25°C. Name of the important millets – jowar, bajra and ragi. Agriculture also produces raw materials for various industries. The major drawback/s of agriculture in India is/are: Use of HYV seeds. Consider the statement (s) related to the green revolution. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. or green revolution n. A significant increase in agricultural productivity beginning in the 1940s and resulting from the introduction of high-yield... Green revolution - definition of green revolution by The Free … Answer: Who introduced these crops to the country? (a) Rice is a khanf crop which requires high temperature, above (25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above loo cm. It grows well in hot and humid climate with a temperature of 21°C to 27°C and an annual rainfall between 75 cm to 100 cm. What is plantation agriculture? The mission of the movement was to persuade rich landowners to voluntarily give a part of their land to the poor landless villagers. Argumentative Essay: The Green revolution is the answer to the world's food supply problem. Higher yield due to the use of HYV seeds. Name the major wheat producing states of India. Answer: Why are pulses grown in rotation with other crops? What was India’s position in the world in the production of cotton in the year 2008? Rabi, kharif and zaid. In 2008, India was the third largest producer of tea after China and Turkey. (Imp) Farmers can easily harness such climate to grow high-value crops. (i) There has been a gradual shift from cultivation of food crops to cultivation of fruits, vegetables, oilseeds and industrial crops. CBSE Class 10 Social Science SST Map Pointing Map Work Skills for History : India and the Contemporary World – II, Geography : Contemporary India – II Pdf free download are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10. Intensive farming is a type of farming where a lot of capital and labour are used to obtain higher productivity per area. What is the passing score for Lcsw California? Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Wheat. Like the Green Revolution, India also has witnessed the White Revolution initiated by Amul. SEPT QP and MEMO. Besides foodgrains, it also produces raw material for various industries such as textile, jute, etc. Question 23. JUNE P2 and MEMO. White Revolution also known as Operation Flood is the dairy development movement by the government of India. (ii) Land productivity in this type of farming is very high as the farmer uses high doses of biochemical inputs. and agriculture has resulted in reduction in the net sown area. The Ganga-Sutlej plains in the north-west. Answer: Which are the major oil seeds produced in India? Correct! ‘Slash and burn’ agriculture is a type of primitive subsistence farming. The major sugarcane-producing states are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Punjab and Haryana. Higher yield enabled farmers to sell the surplus food in the market and earn more. Students must free download and practice these worksheets to gain more marks in exams. Genetically modified seeds do not need much water. Answer: (i) Belts and hoses, footwears, tyres, tubes and latex foam. Q1 Why is agriculture important for Indian economy? Name two countries which are the largest producers of sugarcane in the world. Food Corporation of India (FCI) Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) International Crop Research Institute (ICRI) Indian Agricultural University (IAU) Correct! Gene revolution is associated with use of bio technology in the cultivation process, it has helped farmers in reducing the chemical intake in crops, it also helps in developing crops that control pests and also to enhance nutritional value of crops. La version en ligne, au format HTML5, est compatible avec tout navigateur mis à jour comme Safari, Google Chrome ou encore Internet Explorer 9. Bajra grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil. (i)  It grows well in the drained fertile loamy soil in the flood plains. All the produce is used as raw material in respective industries. Question 1. Green Revolution. 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Mention two geographical conditions required for the growth of maize in India. Biotechnology has applications in four major industrial areas, including health care (medical), crop production and agriculture, non-food (industrial) uses of crops and other products (e.g. The Arabica variety of coffee which is in great demand all over the world, was initially brought to India from Yemen. Being leguminous crops, all these crops except arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing nitrogen from the air. The main ____-producing states in India are Punjab and Haryana. Why should the production of pulses be increased? The use of large amounts of pesticides for crops and of medication for animal stocks is common in this farming. Answer: Answer: For example, it is called humming’ in the north-eastern region. Question 17. Which are the four major fibre crops grown in India? Here we have given map work for class 10 cbse 2018-19. In 2008, India was the second largest producer of cotton after China. It introduced the Indian farmer to cultivation of wheat and rice using high yielding varieties of seeds. The end result of the Green Revolution was to make India self-sufficient when it came to food grains. (d) Major pulse-producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka. Answer: Question 9. It grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. Question 30. (iii) What was India’s rank among the world’s natural rubber producers in 2010-11? (iii) Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. Question 26. Maize is used as food and fodder both. Answer: Most of these oilseeds are edible and used as cooking mediums. They are a source of foreign exchange. Pulses are the major sources of protein for most of the people in India. The Gene Revolution refers to a phase following the Green Revolution during which agricultural biotechnology was heavily implemented. Also mention the two important wheat-growing zones in the country. (v)  It is grown in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Meghalaya. Also give five characteristic features of each … Per the introduction, the book focuses on five countries' use of GM technology, Argentina, Brazil, China, India, and South Africa. Question 17. Why is it called the ‘Blood-less Revolution’? 2018. The major maize-producing states in India are Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Madhya Pradesh. In some states like Bihar maize is grown as a rabi crop. What is ‘slash and burn’ agriculture known as in the north-eastern region of India? The Green Revolution based on the use of package technology and White Revolution were initiated to improve the Indian agriculture. But these were confined to a few selected areas. Dr. Verghese Kurien is known as the father of White Revolution in India. What is its position in the world production? Cotton is one of the main raw materials for industry. Why should Indian farmers switch over from cereals to high value crops? Answer: It is known by different names in different parts of the country. Upvote | 1. (b) Factors that have contributed to the increasing production of maize are—use of HYV seeds, fertilisers and irrigation. (i) It is practised on bigger land size with the help of modern tools and irrigation. 2016 MARCH and MEMO . Answer: (b) The Arabica variety initially brought from Yemen is grown in India. This has led to the reduction in net sown area under cereals and pulses. Major jowar producing states were Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in 2011-12. Give a brief assessment of the production of fruits and vegetables in India. (iii) This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown. Answer: Consider the statement (s) related to the green revolution. Why should Indian farmers diversify their cropping pattern from cereals to high-value crops? Know more about White revolution, Operation Flood, National Dairy Development Board and other details related to the white revolution in Indian in this article. (i)  Commercial farming is the type of farming in which crops are produced for the sale in mar­ket. Kharif crops are sown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September-October. Education. Geography Chapter 4 2. Question 10. (i) A major sugarcane producing state are important plantation crops. (i) Subsistence farming is the type of farming in which farmers raise crops for family con­sumption. © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. Land productivity in this type of farming is low as the farmer does not use fertilisers or other modern inputs. Answer: Therefore, these are mostly grown in rotation with other crops. OR Answer: Name some of the important rabi crops of India. Answer: What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? Although Indian agriculture is unable to compete with the world agriculture, it provides livelihood for more than 60 per cent of its population. Name the states where they are produced. But these subsidies have now reached unsustainable levels and have also led to large scale insufficiencies in the use of these scarce inputs. Ragi. (a) What is Indian coffee known for? On an outline map of India, show rice-producing areas. What are they also known as? (Imp) Answer: Commercial farming is crop selective and aims for industrial inputs and export. Question 10. Name the major pulses grown in India. The four major fibre crops grown in India are cotton, jute, hemp and natural silk. When and where was the first successful textile mill established in India? Question 3. Mention its major features. Widespread adoption of modern seed-fertilizer technology led to a significant shift in the food supply function, contributing to a fall in real food prices. Answer: The laws of land reforms were not properly implemented. Question 15. During this time period, new chemical fertilizers and synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created. Vinoba Bhave achieved this mission successfully, Many landless villagers were given a small plot of land to use it as per their need. (iv) Since the production is mainly for market, a well-developed network of transport. (iv) Periodic scarcity of water has led to reduction in area under irrigation. Grapes of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra, apples, pears, apricots and walnuts of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh are world famous. Answer: Question 25. The Green Revolution is referred to as the process of increasing agricultural production by incorporating modern tools and techniques. (iv) A major groundnut producing state Brazil and India. Lichi and guava are cultivated in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. They are the major source of protein in a vegetarian diet. Tur (arhar), urad, moong, masur, peas and gram. (b) Rich alluvial soils of the floodplains and deltaic regions are ideal for the cultivation of rice. Calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage be encouraged to use it as per their need is as., jute, etc of its population compare the geographical conditions required for the growth cotton... Silk is obtained from cocoons of the black cotton soil of the country produces about percent... And practice these worksheets to gain more marks in exams synthetic herbicides and pesticides were created crops grown Maharashtra! Is meant by ‘ slash and burn ’ agriculture known as horticulture led to waterlogging salinity! 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