Still, as long as you can find one that says “Reverse SMA to PL-259” it should work. So, while you don’t need a license just to listen, it would be a very wise idea to have one if you intend to become proficient in using your radio as well as making on-air acquaintances with other HAMS. 156.80: International maritime distress, calling, and safety channel. Imagine the uses of a vox (voice-operated switch) microphone that will allow you to transmit hands-free as well as listen through your earpiece…especially patrolling where your hands are busy pushing through cover or holding/using a firearm. A $3/month subscription. I doubt it. Once I got my Slim Jim antenna hooked up I was able to access this repeater easily with my little 4 watt UV-5RA. If you have ever looked at a HAM radio equipment supplier catalog then you are no doubt familiar with the dizzying array of radio types, brands, and configurations, not to mention all the other meters, antennas, cabling, and connectors. At this point, you are probably wondering “how do I find a repeater I can access and once I find it how do I know how to program my radio (using CHIRP) to access it”? Someday I hope to be able to talk these great distances but holding only a technician license at this point, the likelihood of talking to someone halfway around the world is slim. 163.4875: Used nationwide by the National Guard during emergencies. Wattage on your end does not relate to how far a distance you can receive from, only to how far away you can transmit. What I do know is what works for me. Actually, the FCC rules say that it is not illegal to use a HAM radio without a license IF a life-threatening event requires such use. There are as many antenna options out there as there are radios but I am only going to mention one…the one I have found is one of the most durable and functional antennas on the market for what I consider a very reasonable price, considering what it can do. I am hesitant to give a specific distance as there are a lot of variables. I was cautioned by the examiner that even though I had passed, I could not legally broadcast on my radio until my call sign was posted in the FCC database…which happened in about 4 days. (see direct link below). 162.40: NOAA weather broadcasts and bulletins. Direct communication between federal and Amateur stations is permitted. Wonder Junior Mill You also need to consider a grounding method for your coax. Why not CB or FRS or GMRS or Marine? lives in the “Redoubt of the East” also known as the Cumberland Plateau! That repeater or radio may be running much higher output wattage (power) than your 4-watt radio which explains why you can hear transmissions from it but cannot transmit to it. 6. Some countries use existing calling frequencies in the bandplans to co-ordinate initial emergency … I will list the direct link to the cable at the end of this article. If you don’t want to spend time shopping around, see the direct link below showing where I got mine. Perfect for all … (more on coax later). Also, you can add from my days as an Army Aviator: 55.5 VHF-FM- Common Military ‘catch-all/chat’ channel. Cost:  $28.61 (, Coax adapter: SMA to PL259   Cost:  $16.34 (, Aux. After taking the sample test a few times you will soon begin to remember the answers based on repetition, at least I did. The second communication method and the one that will give you the most communication range is by using a “repeater”. Listen Feed Genre Listeners Player Selection Links Status Mesa County and Grand Junction Police, Fire and EMS LEFT Side - Colorado State Patrol and other channels RIGHT Side - Sheriff, … Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) All frequencies in kHz (mode USB and LSB) ... -1200 Indonesian daily 21670 1400-1500 French daily 21600 Holy Koran Radio Time is UTC Frequency … I resisted getting my license for many years because I did not want to be involved with a governmental licensing procedure unless I had too. But what about communications? Fortunately, there are now many volunteer examiners which are actually amateur radio club members authorized by the FCC to give the test. III. The great thing about this microphone is that it also doubles as a speaker for the radio! That’s right, less than $34.00! He is also a retreat consultant specializing in off-grid living, rural relocation, and survival preparedness. I told them I would be there! You can go to the following website for some great information about the Slim Jim antenna including mounting ideas. If you want to find out if there are any licensed HAMs close to where you live you can go to http://www.arrl.org/fcc/search  type in your zip code and see the name(s), call sign, and license class of those living close to you. Fortunately, the software has a “help” menu as well as a website that will help if you have problems. I still own a CB base station but consider it only a backup. I mounted mine between two PVC pipe standoffs on a PVC pole on the eve of my house. Coax:  RG8x (50 ohm) 50 ft. I hope this rambling article that you no doubt thought would never end is of some help to you. As long as you order from the link listed below, you can rest assured you will get the most modern up to date model with the most current firmware…as far as I can tell. 243 MHz for NATO military aircraft emergency frequencies NOAA broadcasts are tailored to specific areas and give specific information to fit the needs of people in the listening area of each NOAA transmitter. If you do not have Amazon Prime (which requires an annual fee) then, by all means, shop around! (Note that I did not list the cost of taking the test either as this apparently varies based on where you take it so I won’t even hazard a guess what yours will cost although mine cost $14.00). The short answer is…” it depends”. Many repeaters also require a “sub-audible” tone from your radio before they will listen to you…just another safeguard to keep the repeater working for everyone. http://www.miklor.com/uv5r/Ham. I don’t know how often this happens but when it does happen that means anyone accessing this repeater can talk to others up to a thousand miles away! Once you feel you are ready to take the test you need to find a testing site. Over the years, I’ve learned a lot about prepping, homesteading, and self-reliance topics through first-hand experience and now I want to share what I’ve learned with you. Thank you! $100…$200…$300? 3. As shipped from Amazon, you can take the UV-5RA out of the box, attached the included antenna, place it in the charger for an hour or so and be ready to transmit or just listen (if you are not licensed). If you are going to stick with the small “rubber duck” antenna, simply screw it into the top of the radio and you are finished! The only catch to using “CHIRP” is that you will need to buy a “programming cable” which comes with its own driver disk to load on your hard drive. Since your UV-5RA is a low power unit with only 4 watts of output power, if you can hit a repeater with your signal, that repeater will boost your signal to a much higher wattage output and re-broadcast it simultaneously from its high location, greatly extending your communication range. SATERN Frequencies. The FCC requires that the database contains a pool of 394 questions from which each 35 question test is chosen. Sometimes I can hit this repeater and once I do, I am able to talk to other HAMS located near Middlesboro, Kentucky which is 85 miles west of Holston Mountain and much further from my home. 39.46: Used for inter-department emergency communications by local and state police forces. I. ARRL Sections Emergency Frequencies. To wrap up the section on licensing, I would like to touch briefly on privacy. 52.525: Calling frequency used by ham radio operators in FM on their six-meter band. I inquired of them about a testing site and was pleased to learn that their club gave tests quarterly with the next testing session only a week away! ===== federal emergency management agency (fema) civil defense national radio system hf nets 2.3210 foxtrot 06 (simplex) 2.3610 foxtrot 07 (simplex) 2.3750 foxtrot 08 (simplex) 2.4460 foxtrot 09 (simplex) 2.6590 foxtrot 10 (simplex) 3.3420 foxtrot 11 (simplex) 3.3800 foxtrot 12 (simplex) 3.3890 foxtrot 13 (simplex) 4.7810 foxtrot 14 (simplex) 5.2120 foxtrot 15 (simplex) (night emergency… As mentioned earlier, there are two ways to use your radio. Also, since HAM radio is such an integral part of most local government emergency response communications I would hope that efforts will be made by emergency services to keep the repeaters up and running…at least as long as emergency services exist! Kaito KA500 5-Way Powered Emergency Radio. V. ARRL W1AW EMERGENCY FREQUENCY USAGE: Section wide coverage during an emergency is normally maintained using frequencies on 75 or 40 meter side-band. I am not going to get into the technicalities of bands at this point as you will cover this in your license study…only to say that the 2-meter band is where you will find the most activity….or at least it is in my neck of the woods. They are great for short-range communications, especially for patrolling purposes, but in my experience, that is about it. Consider it the same as you old TV lead-in wire or the cable that you now have run from your satellite dish to your TV. 162.475: NOAA weather broadcasts and bulletins. During the day, the easiest frequencies are from 12000 to 22000. However, by using what is called a repeater (more about repeaters later) you can greatly expand the effective distance of your communications. The antenna is made from a piece of heavy flat ribbon wire similar to the old flat ribbon TV lead-in wire (if you are old enough to remember such as I am), but much larger. Since the title of this article includes “on the cheap” it is time to put the numbers together. As offered by Amazon, the radio comes complete with a rechargeable lithium-ion battery pack, an a/c plug-in charger and a vox operated earphone/microphone combination. Med channels 11-103 are "splinter" frequencies added the most lately. Click here for the lowest price. IV. The frequencies are 121.5 MHz for civilian, also known as International Air Distress or VHF Guard, and 243.0 MHz for military use, also known as Military Air Distress or UHF Guard. These study guides vary in price but since this article is about HAM radio “on the cheap”, the one I used was FREE! To those individuals I say…please bear with me and forgive my oversimplifications and PLEASE, jump in and add your expertise or correction should you feel it is warranted. Even if you have no intention of ever living in or even visiting this area, still this radio setup will give you the capability to talk to others in your own area and far outside your area if you are so minded! All I can say is that it works for me and I am pleased. (NOTE: Many local community colleges offer HAM radio study courses that conclude by giving the actual test to the applicant. Why higher? 162.50: NOAA weather broadcasts and bulletins. General Shortwave Frequency … Have no clue what kind of equipment to buy repeater that is about it frequencies are from to! Still, as of this article is permitted your area for a large fine ( up to $ )... High elevation easiest frequencies are an essential—but limited—resource for LMR communications of Housing and Urban.! 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