The people responded and praised God (5:13). The book of Ezra tells us that Ezra is a scribe who knew the Law of Moses and also had access to the king. Nehemiah broke them into teams of families to work on the various sections of the wall. Date of Writing: The Book of Nehemiah was likely written between 445 and 420 B.C. Nehemiah reminded the people to trust God and paired the workers so one worked while the other stood by, armed to fight. "Memory Trauma in Ezra-Nehemiah" in David Chalcraft, ed., This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 03:39. [1][2] The name is pronounced /ˌniːəˈmaɪə/ or /ˌniːhəˈmaɪə/ in English. … It also emphasizes the spiritual transformation needed by all people. "Zera'+ Babel"; from the Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 38a. Ezra 2:2 . The name Nehemiah means Yahweh has comforted. Change Language {{#items}} {{local_title}} {{/items}} ← Language. Bible Survey - Nehemiah Hebrew Name - Nechemiyah "Nehemiah" Greek Name - Neemias (Greek form of the Hebrew) Author - Nehemiah (Ezra and Nehemiah were treated as one book in Jewish Tradition) Date - From 455-420 BC Approximately Theme of Nehemiah - The rebuilding of Jerusalem Types and Shadows - In Nehemiah Jesus is the one who led the captives out . We should share our faith and encourage our family members to be faithful to God. We should take time to make careful plans and listen to God’s guidance. Nehemiah is a cup-bearer to king Artaxerxes I of Persia – an important official position. The means—mockery—was the same, only intensified, but now it was motivated by annoyance and anger . v. 15), among whom was Daniel. Enemies threatened to attack, so the people prayed and set up guards (4:8-15). Consider how God is calling you to make a difference and be willing to accept the challenge. Nehemiah is identified in one aggadah with Zerubbabel, the latter name being considered an epithet of Nehemiah and as indicating that he was born at Babylon. The achievements of the two men were complementary; each helped to make it possible for Judaism to maintain its identity during the difficult days of the Restoration. He humbly remained the secular leader and had the priests read the Word. They ridiculed and bullied (4:1-6), but Nehemiah prayed, ignored them, and the work continued. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. In chapter one he spent a long time in prayer from the heart with fasting. (Nehemiah 8:9) Lessons to learn from Nehemiah. After 12 years as governor, during which he ruled with justice and righteousness, he returned to the king in Susa. He refused to meet in the temple because he was not worthy to go there. People living in a city without a solid wall remained defenseless and humiliated. Bergren, Theodore A. Nehemiah had families work on the wall together and then assemble together to hear the reading of the God’s Word. 10 Lessons from Romans 12: Do What is Honorable, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. # This is probably referring to the twentieth year King Artaxerxes I ruled Persia. He recognized God’s blessings and favor (2:8, 18) and shared the news with the people to give them hope. Question: "Who was Nehemiah in the Bible?" Nehemiah was prepared to die for the king and yet recognized God as sovereign. His prayers continued through the book and reflected his obedience and heart relationship with God. He also fed 150 Jews and officials daily without using his allowance as governor. Nehemiah, was a trusted Jewish court official who worked for the Persian Empire. Reading the Scriptures in religious assemblies is an ordinance of God, whereby he is honoured, and his church edified. When the king asked how he could help, Nehemiah shared that he wanted to go to Jerusalem and listed letters he needed along the journey to obtain supplies. [10] Once there, Nehemiah defied the opposition of Judah's enemies on all sides—Samaritans, Ammonites, Arabs and Philistines—and rebuilt the walls within 52 days, from the Sheep Gate in the North, the Hananeel Tower at the North West corner, the Fish Gate in the West, the Furnaces Tower at the Temple Mount's South West corner, the Dung Gate in the South, the East Gate and the gate beneath the Golden Gate in the East. Audio and manuscripts are available for each lesson. He quietly worked for King Artaxerxes as drink bearer. Nehemiah’s role in the Bible. If so, the attempt by his enemy Shemaiah to trick him into entering the Temple is aimed at making him break Jewish law, rather than simply hide from assassins.[13]. Through the process of restoring and dedicating the wall we glean many lessons from Nehemiah on prayer, leadership, overcoming enemies, restoring hearts, integrity, and holiness. Find out about the project here, or feel free to get in contact. Learning that the remnant of Jews in Judah were in distress and that the walls of Jerusalem were broken down, he asked the king for permission to return and rebuild the city, around 20 years after Ezra's arrival in Jerusalem in 468 BC. Tools. What Are "Signs and Wonders" of the End Times? 31), and for his disparagement of his predecessors (ib. The main enemies lived around the city and didn’t want the wall rebuilt. Nehemiah is the central figure of the Book of Nehemiah, which describes his work in rebuilding Jerusalem during the Second Temple period. Nehemiah exhibited patience. The Prophet Nehemiah. God put a plan in Nehemiah’s mind (2:12). See the Soncino translation, Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible (ed. [17], Samuel Taylor Coleridge commented on the dearth of a classical painting featuring Nehemiah. In the 20th year of Artaxerxes I (445 or 444 BC),[6] Nehemiah was cup-bearer to the king. [16], With Ezra, Nehemiah marks the spring-time in the national history of Judaism (Cant. The twelve are reasonably regarded as either the actual heads of the twelve tribes, or at any rate as representing them. He shared the favor the king gave and how God’s hand had been with him and that motivated the people. Thus, Bible scholars suggest that Ezra-Nehemiah was finalized around 430 B.C. But God helped them and they finished the work in 52 days. Nehemiah also set up a signal of a trumpet call, so they could rally together and trust God to fight for them (4:16-23). Nehemiah is believed to have returned to Jerusalem about 445 B.C. PURPOSE Ezra-Nehemiah continues the history of God’s people as told in 1–2 Chronicles. The Second Book of Maccabees assigns several roles to the subject which is not attested elsewhere. This book guides us on how to overcome troubles and trust in God while showing Nehemiah’s prayer life, leadership, and faithfulness. Nehemiah is far from Jerusalem. His task is to rebuild the walls and to re-populate the city. When he rebuked the people for profaning the Sabbath he also reminded them that their troubles came from not being holy (13:17-18). Several times Nehemiah asked God to remember him for good. In chapter seven we have further examples of Nehemiah as the man of action. The people wept when they listened, but Nehemiah told them to rejoice and reminded them that God is their strength (8:9). God wanted the Jews to become his special people again. It is in Hebrew .mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebr{font-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans}נְחֶמְיָה‎, Nəḥemyāh, "Yah comforts". 12). [18], Central figure of the biblical Book of Nehemiah, For confirmation that many scholars share this view, see, For confirmation that most scholars share this view, see, For an author who disagrees with the scholarly majority position on the historicity of Nehemiah and Ezra, but acknowledges the existence of that majority, see. They opposed the Jews and tried to stop the work. Nehemiah wept when he heard the news of the broken wall and burned gates. Author: The Book of Nehemiah does not specifically name its author, but both Jewish and Christian traditions recognize Ezra as the author. When the work got well under way, the opposition took on a somewhat different form. Artaxerxes sent him to Judah as governor of the province with a mission to rebuild, letters explaining his support for the venture, and provision for timber from the king's forest. as the provincial governor, further indicating Nehemiah’s position of authority in … Nehemiah’s answer was prayer and persistence in the work . He never tried to attack his enemies, but trusted God would deal with them (6:14). Home >> Bible Studies >> Nehemiah >> Nehemiah 6 These small group studies of Nehemiah contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. A good wall also gave the people a sense of security and community. He never took credit for himself but gave the glory to God. He arrived in Jerusalem equipped for the work. Photo Credit: Thinkstock/Farknot_Architect. I should like to call your attention to the prophet Nehemiah. Nehemiah 1. R. ii. Nehemiah assembled the people when he heard of fighting within (5:1-13). Still, Nehemiah is blamed by the Rabbis for his seemingly boastful expression, "Think upon me, my God, for good" (Neh. He prays fervently and continually. in the city of Susa in Persia (modern day Iran). He never caved in to fear. Exact Match. He confessed sins of the people. In that prayer he asked for restoration of the nation of Israel and for God to keep the promise to bring the Israelites back to Jerusalem, if they would return to God. "Nehemiah in 2 Maccabees 1:10-2:18". He purified the people according to God’s laws. Nehemiah showed us how to pray to God and listen for his answers. When they completed the wall he stated that the surrounding nations recognized that God had helped them (6:15-16). When he discovered that some leaders had let an evil enemy have a room in the courts of the Lord, Nehemiah threw them out and restored the workers in the house of God. Nehemiah’s prayer life reflected a believer who trusted God. The book of Nehemiah begins between mid-November and mid-December in the twentieth year of the reign of King Artaxerxes (approximately 446 B.C.) He took his time once he arrived in Jerusalem before disclosing his plan to the people. He joined with the leaders, choir, and people to parade on the wall. He always obeyed God. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Nehemiah 1. Nehemiah was a man impervious to blustering gibes. Who Was Nehemiah & Why Is He Important in the Bible?,Karen Whiting - Study from the Bible and be encouraged to grow your faith! Greatly angered, he purified the Temple and the priests and Levites and enforced the observance of the law of Moses. Rebuilding the walls signaled God once again blessed His people. He organized workers, delegated the work, administered, and rose up to any challenge. "Nehemiah the elder, the son of Hananiah the chief of the priests"; and by the Latin Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) of 2 Macc 1:21, where he is called "Nehemiah the priest," and possibly by 2 Macc 1:18, where it is said that Nehemiah "offered sacrifices, … v. 19, xiii. The restoration of Jewish exiles to the promised land highlights the Lord’s faithfulness in keeping His promises. The name Nehemiah means “Yahweh has comforted.” He was one of the three leaders that were sent from Persia on a special mission to rebuild Jerusalem. He scolded the people for not walking in the fear of God (5:9) and taking advantage of their own people. We bring hope when we share how God has worked in our lives. He asked for success before King Artaxerxes. We should look at obstacles as challenges to press on and trust God. 2 One of my brothers named Hanani came from Judah. When Nehemiah heard the news, he responded with prayer and action. He stated that God would fight for them. He showed respect for the earthly king when he politely stated his requests. A great leader is also a servant and understands the people he leads. Once there, Nehe… This brought results as the people began working and completed the work in 52 days. [The division of the book into two is a Christian development.] He was not a priest (6:5-12). Enemies tried various tactics, but Nehemiah stood firm. And, he did not allow lack of information to keep him from what he could do at the time. Thence they must fetch their knowledge; according to that rule they must speak, and must show that they do so. Next, the enemies tried to slander and shame Nehemiah with a report they would send to the king. Cancel {{#items}} {{human}} {{/items}} ← Chapter. Check out her book The 365 Most Important Bible Passages for more insights into the Bible and its relevance today. His name was on the sealed document of the Covenant (10:1). [9] Artaxerxes sent him to Judah as governor of the province with a mission to rebuild, letters explaining his support for the venture, and provision for timber from the king's forest. Receiving the bad news became a call for Nehemiah, a challenge to bring change that would glorify God. Men of the Bible — Dwight L. Moody. As a leader, Nehemiah looked to the welfare of their people and not just the condition of the city. 31 Powerful Quotes by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Amazing Children's Choir Sings 'I Can Only Imagine', A Prayer for Peace in Confusing Times - Your Daily Prayer - January 19, Courage for the Days Ahead - New Year Devotional - January 18, 6 Major Differences between Christianity and the American Dream, 10 Encouraging Bible Verses about Not Giving Up. Nehemiah’s concern for the people’s hearts shows in the opening prayer of chapter one, when he stated that we, the people, acted corruptly and disobeyed God’s laws (1:7). He directed the leaders and choir to go on top of the wall. Jerusalem had been conquered and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC and Nehemiah finds it still in ruins. Cancel {{#items}} {{local_name}} {{/items}} Book. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Non-Jews were permitted to conduct business inside Jerusalem on the Sabbath and to keep rooms in the Temple. Nehemiah chronicles God’s covenant relationship with Israel, and even provides a sweeping overview of the relationship in Nehemiah chapter 9. He’s a slave for a foreign king in Persia in 444 BC. He glorified God with listing the Lord’s attributes. This view is supported by the Syriac and Arabic versions of 10:1, which read: "Nehemiah the elder, the son of Hananiah the chief of the priests"; and by the Latin Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) of 2 Macc 1:21, where he is called "Nehemiah the priest," and possibly by 2 Macc 1:18, where it is said that Nehemiah "offered sacrifices, after that he had builded the temple and the altar." He prayed for four months before God answered his first prayer  (1:1,2:1). Cataldo, Jeremiah. He makes his first appearance in chapter 1 at Shushan, the principal palace of the Persian King Artaxerxes I, where he served as the personal cupbearer to the king. [14] In 2 Maccabees 2:13 the subject founded the library of the Second Temple along with Judas Maccabeus. The Best Way White Christians Can Respond to Racial Tensions, This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of, Copyright © 2021, Crosswalk.com. When that city was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, Nehemiah reconstructed the walls (Nehemiah 1 &2), Zerubbabel rebuilt the temple (Ezra 3:8), and Ezra restored the worship of God. His fasting and praying triggers changes. He then took measures to repopulate the city and purify the Jewish community, enforcing the cancellation of debt, assisting Ezra to promulgate the law of Moses, and enforcing the divorce of Jewish men from their non-Jewish wives. Gathering people by family groups reminds us that families are the backbone of a nation. 1. At his own request Nehemiah is sent to Jerusalem as governor of Yehud, the official Persian name for Judah. He’s not a spiritual leader or prophet. 123b). Nehemiah spoke to all the people and inspired them to work. He stood at the House of God for the dedication of the wall and celebration (12:27-43). The people who lived near Jerusalem did not want the Jews to build the city again. Ezra 2:2 . Article Images Copyright ©. In the corresponding verse of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 7:7) there are twelve names, one of which (it is probable) has accidentally fallen out here. Nehemiah - A Free Christian Bible Study Resource We hope that this Nehemiah article will provide useful information and ideas for those following a Bible Study plan. They responded by going to work immediately. He set new rules and settled the issues. This is based on the fact that the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah were originally one. The biblical sources for Nehemiah’s life and work are the autobiographical portions scattered through the book. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-historical-books/nehemiah He stated that he was doing a great work (6:2-4). Nehemiah understood the consequences of both holiness and turning away from God. Nehemiah in the Bible. Stationed in the winter palace at Susa, Nehemiah heard from his brother Hanani that the walls in Jerusalem were broken down and its gates had been destroyed by fire. He was governor of Persian Judea under Artaxerxes I of Persia (465–424 BC). Ezra wrote about the rebuilding of the temple under Zerubbabel, while Nehemiah wrote concerning the rebuilding of … 9 And Nehemiah, which is the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the ... should take their Bibles with them; Ezra did so. It was in the month of Kislev. This was in the twentieth year. He exemplifies Isaiah 40:31 that those who wait upon the Lord will renew their strength. He also stopped people from working on the Sabbath, and commended the Levites to purify themselves and perform their duties (13:8-22, 30). The repair of the wall and recommitment of the people is the last recorded history in the Old Testament. The plea to be remembered for good is reflected in the words of Jesus regarding servants who wisely used talents given them (Matthew 25) that state “Well done good and faithful servant.” Let’s follow Nehemiah’s example and live a life worthy of God’s praise. [1], Most scholars believe Nehemiah was a real historical figure and that the Nehemiah Memoir, a name given by scholars to certain portions of the book written in the first person, is historically reliable.[3][4][5]. According to Baba Bathra 15a Nehemiah completed the Book of Chronicles, which was written by Ezra. This 13 part expository study of Nehemiah was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2002-2003. Verse one tells us that the wall was built, the doors had been set up and the porters, the singers and Levites were in their place. Read the Book of Nehemiah online. This is because it is a continuing story: while Ezra works to re-establish the temple and the moral fabric of the people, Nehemiah arrives later to rebuild the city wall around Jerusalem and serve as governor. All rights reserved. Nothing is known of Nehemiah except what is written in the book bearing his name. Nehemiah 4:21, 23 “So we laboured in the work: and half of them held the spears from the rising of the morning till the stars appeared. He knew that the lack of repairing the wall showed people feared men and not God. That meant tasting each drink to be sure it contained no poison. This article about Nehemiah, together with other tools, activities, aids and materials and are designed to be used by an individual or a Christian Bible study group. Summary of The Book of Nehemiah. A certain mishnah is declared by the Rabbis to have originated in the school of Nehemiah (Shab. In our fast paced, instant delivery world, we should slow down and wait on God’s timing. In the 20th year of Artaxerxes I (445 or 444 BC), Nehemiah was cup-bearer to the king. Once in Jerusalem Nehemiah waited three days without announcing his presence or reason for coming. Appearing in the Queen's presence[11] may indicate that he was a eunuch,[12] and in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, he is described as such: eunochos (eunuch), rather than oinochoos (wine-cup-bearer). He stood with the priests and scribes and people to listen to the reading of the law and then the prayer of confession of the people. The plan included teamwork, persistence, and cooperation, plus trust in God. THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAH Problems common to the combined books Ezra-Nehemiah have been pointed out in the Introduction to the Book of Ezra. The name Nehemiah means “comforted of Yah” (International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia) or God comforts.. He ends up the governor of Jerusalem and supervises the repairs. He patiently kept reminding the people to trust God and that God would fight for them and help them. Once the king asked Nehemiah what made him look sad, Nehemiah said a quick prayer before responding. Scripture chapters verses with full summary, commentary meaning, and concordances for Bible study. Each time enemies bullied them, Nehemiah prayed. She is an author of twenty-five books, a writing coach, international speaker, and former television host. He paid attention to his actions and focused on pleasing God. [7] Learning that the remnant of Jews in Judah were in distress and that the walls of Jerusalem were broken down, he asked the king for permission to return and rebuild the city,[8] around 20 years after Ezra's arrival in Jerusalem in 468 BC. Nehemiah showed wisdom in proceeding with the most information available. The @biblesummary account peaked at over 30,000 followers, and was featured in the news all over the world. James D. G. Dunn, John William Rogerson, Eerdmans, 2003), "Ezra the scribe: the development of Ezra 7–10 and Nehemiah 8", "Rebuilding identity: the Nehemiah-memoir and its earliest readers", "Jerusalem in the Persian (and Early Hellenistic) Period and the Wall of Nehemiah", "Archaeology and the List of Returnees in the Books of Ezra and Nehemiah", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nehemiah&oldid=998809213, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nehemiah Bible Study E-book: If this Bible study is helpful for you, get the whole Nehemiah study in one convenient e-book . Nehemiah overcame all the opposition and the people rebuilt the wall that laid in ruins for 70 years, in 52 days. He took the letters signed by the king and picked up the supplies along the journey. The book opens with news of the dire condition of the wall surrounding Jerusalem, the city of God. I asked them about the Jews who lived through the captivity. His life teaches us many things that we should learn, and here are but a few of them: 1) The fear of God is necessary for compassion. Before we even begin reading the book of Nehemiah, the name reveals that the words will bring comfort. Nehemiah believed God would use him to get the wall rebuilt. Bible Language English. Like Nehemiah, we can open our heart in prayer, observe blessings that show God’s favor on us, and listen with both our mind and heart. 93b). Nehemiah was one of the most underrated heroes in the Bible, cupbearer to the powerful Persian king Artaxerxes I Longimanus. Nehemiah remained a man of integrity. Nehemiah gives us even more details on Ezra’s role within the people of Israel. Emmylou Harris Moved To Tears After Band Performs Tribute Song. His example shines through the ages to inspire us to follow God closely. Nehemiah wasn't a priest or preacher, but God used him mightily during his time. After completing the wall, Nehemiah worked with Ezra, the priest to reconnect the people with God. He trusted God’s promises to Moses to restore the people. 1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. Answer: Ezra and Nehemiah were contemporaries, and they both wrote about the rebuilding of Jerusalem, which occurred approximately seventy years after it was destroyed by the Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar. Nehemiah kept his promise to return to King Artaxerxes and then returned to Jerusalem (13:6). In chapter two, God put a plan in Nehemiah’s mind (v12), and he told the people that God’s hand had been favorable to him (v18). However, the books of Ezra and Nehemiah are so closely related that for many years they were considered in the Hebrew Bible to be one book, as an extension of 1 and 2 Chronicles. Like the books of Ezra and Esther, Nehemiah tells us what happened after the Jewish exile to Babylon.Israel has been disciplined, and is now being restored to her land and her God. Our prayers should include our desire to stay close to God and to help build healthy relationships. Photo Credit: Unsplash/Guillaume De Germain. The Rabbis think that these two faults were the reason that this book is not mentioned under its own name, but forms part of the Book of Ezra (Sanh. In the month of Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capital, 2 one of my brothers, Hanani, came with certain men from Judah; and I asked them about the Jews that survived, those who had escaped the captivity, and about Jerusalem. He spent a long time in prayer from the Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin 38a with God biblical... The House of God ( 5:13 ) people again and inspired them to rejoice and reminded them their. Time once he arrived in Jerusalem Nehemiah waited three days without announcing his presence or reason for.! Over 30,000 followers, and must show that they had invented things and then to. 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And Levites and enforced the observance of the twelve are reasonably regarded as either the actual of! Israel, and people to trust God and listen to God ’ hand! Was one of my brothers named Hanani came from Judah E-book: If Bible! The Babylonians in 586 BC and Nehemiah finds it still in ruins for 70 years, in 52 days name... Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one per... They listened, but Nehemiah prayed, ignored them, and cooperation, plus trust in God comforted of ”... He leads Persian king Artaxerxes and then assemble together to hear the reading of the Law of Moses a wall... Jews and tried to attack, so the people for profaning the Sabbath he also 150. Inspired them to rejoice and reminded them that God would fight for them and finished! Look at obstacles as challenges to press on and trust God ) been... Nehemiah spoke to all the opposition took on a somewhat different form 2 Maccabees 2:13 the subject founded the of... 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