You also remember things better when you write them out by hand. It is a form of learning. I only write when I immediately know how to do it. – our tendency to take into account only information that confirms what we already believe. Your submission has been received! . Both were wooden boxes containing paper index cards. Once this step is done, throw away (or delete) the fleeting notes from step one and file the literature notes from step two into your bibliographic slip-box. . But in creative work, questions change and new directions emerge. Though I find the Smart Notes method lends itself nicely to rediscovering physical books. The evidence is clear: Instead of squeezing as many pages as possible out of one idea. how to take smart notes this book helps stnts acmics and nonfiction writers to get more done write intelligent texts and learn for the long run. Write these permanent notes as if you are writing for someone else. We need to regularly confront our errors, mistakes, and misunderstandings. As I read, I systematically unravel those layers of fluff and extract only those insights, like a chemist distilling only the purest compound. These principles go a long way toward reestablishing the boundaries and constraints that creativity needs to thrive. The goal of Sönke Ahrens in this book is to relieve our brains from the burden of remembering stuff and keeping track of everything. Not a member? Talk about being prolific! Deliberate practice is the best way to get better at anything, and in this case, you are deliberately practicing the most fundamental skill of all: thinking. It is by far the most impactful and profound book I’ve ever read on the subject. Feedback also helps us adjust our expectations and predictions about how much we can get done in an hour or a day. If you want to understand an idea, you have to translate it into your own words. You’ll begin to act more deliberately, thinking several steps beyond what you’re reading to consider its implications and potential. In academia and science, virtually all research is aimed at eventual publication Ahrens notes that “there is no such thing as private knowledge in academia. I especially avoided “how-to” style books on the subject. it teaches you how to take smart notes and ensure they bring you and your projects forward. By playing with a concept, stretching and reconceiving and remixing it, we become less attached to how it was originally presented. Success is then measured by how closely we stick to this plan. But the important part is the principle: Work. If they see a nice sentence, they underline it. But it is much more important to actually. Should we publicize even the ideas we’ve only just encountered, or opinions half-formed, or wild theories we can’t substantiate? The blank page, the white canvas, the empty dance floor: Our most romantic and universal artistic motifs seem to suggest that “starting from scratch” is the essence of creativity. From this point forward, all you have to do is refine your rough draft until it’s ready to be published. Something went wrong while submitting the form. He designed his slip-box as a research database made up of index cards (zettel) that were “thematically unlimited” and could be infinitely extended in any direction. Our sense of motivation depends on making consistent forward progress. From manufacturing to packaging to final delivery, the design of ships, cranes, trucks, and harbors all had to align around moving containers as quickly and efficiently as possible. Until recently, no one believed that such a simple system could produce such prolific output. Working with a slip-box can be disheartening, because you are constantly faced with the gaps in your understanding. We look in our notes and follow our interests, curiosity, and intuition, which are informed by the actual work of reading, thinking, discussing, and taking notes. Almost every aspect of your life will change when you live as if you are working toward publication. When a new source was added to that topic, or he found something to supplement it, he would add new index cards with letters as suffixes (1a, 1b, 1c, etc. The discarded byproducts from one piece of writing may become the essential pillars of the next one. He would add links to other notes both close by, and in distantly related fields. As you're reading, write down anything that comes to mind from the book and where you found it. But Luhmann often remarked that he never forced himself to do anything he didn’t feel like doing: “I only do what is easy. Ahrens’ approach to note-taking was inspired by the 20th-century German sociologist Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998). A “smart note” or as I like to call it, an “Insight Note,” is a hard effort to take information and translate it into a precise and meaningful expression. You won’t waste time writing down every detail, trying to make a perfect record of everything that was said. Since the only way to find out which insights a book contains is to read it, you might as well read and take notes productively. If and when needed, another special kind of note you can create is an “overview” note. You write notes with a clear purpose: your future self is going to be reorganizing them and using them to produce articles or books. You're going to dramatically level up your reading comprehension and retention. Completing these tasks is exceedingly difficult inside the confines of our heads. By following the links, you encounter new and different perspectives than where you started. Like hyperlinks on a website, they give you many ways to associate ideas with each other. The ability to increase the chances of such future accidental encounters is a powerful one, because the best ideas are usually ones we haven’t anticipated. Access a free summary of How to Take Smart Notes, by Sönke Ahrens and 20,000 other business, leadership and nonfiction books on getAbstract. The more notes pile up, the smaller and narrower the subtopics become, limiting your ability to see meaningful connections between them. A “smart note” or as I like to call it, an “Insight Note,” is a hard effort to take information and translate it into a precise and meaningful expression. Sign up here. You’ll be more focused, more curious, more rigorous, and more demanding. Instead of coming up with a topic or thesis upfront, you can just look into your slip-box and look for what is most interesting. It’s Iike learning to swim – you have to learn by doing it, not by merely reading about it. It doesn’t matter what the notes contain, which topic they relate to, or what medium they arrived through – you treat each and every note exactly the same way. you pick what you will write about. Unfortunately, I don't think there are good serviceable solutions for this, even today. He described his system as his secondary memory (, ). It presented a radical new theory that not only changed sociology but also provoked heated discussions in philosophy, education, political theory, and psychology. download it once and read it on your kindlevice pc phones or tablets. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. Few people will ever publish their work in an academic journal or even on a blog. slip-boxes: the first was the “bibliographical” slip-box, which contained brief notes on the content of the literature he read along with a citation of the source; the second “main” slip-box contained the ideas and theories he developed based on those sources. He designed his slip-box as a research database made up of index cards (. ) For the References, I'll use Readwise to scan them in from the physical book or export them from Kindle. Thank you to Kathleen Martin, Fadeke Adegbuyi, Norman Chella, Fred Terenas, Maruthi Sandeep Medisetty for their feedback and suggestions on this article. But at the same time, it increases the chances that you will actually move the work forward. It is only when you have multiple, simultaneous projects and interests that the full potential of an external thinking system is realized. And once it is, what the author meant doesn’t matter – only the actual words written on the page matter. The slip-box is a thinking tool, not an encyclopedia, so completeness is not important. Writers don’t think about a single, “correct” location for a piece of information. Ahrens’ approach to note-taking was inspired by the 20th-century German sociologist Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998). This means when it comes time to write, they first have to undertake a massive project to collect and organize all these scattered notes. Because we try to do all the steps at once. It deliberately puts distance between ourselves and what we’ve written, which is essential for evaluating it objectively. In this article, I’ll summarize the 10 most important principles for taking “smart” notes according to Ahrens. How can I combine ideas to generate something new? it was simple and easy, not in spite of it? This leaves them with many different kinds of notes in many different places and formats. Writing then is best seen not only as a tool for thinking but as a tool for personal growth. All you need to do to turn your ideas into new articles or other works is start organizing and expanding on them. Without a standard format, the larger the collection grows, the more time and energy have to be spent navigating the ever-growing inconsistencies between them. I’ve been dabbling in the Zettlekasten’s principles through two sources: Sönke Ahrens’ book How to Take Smart Notes and RadReader Shu Omi’s YouTube channel. You’ll naturally seek venues to present your work, since the feedback you receive will propel your thinking forward like nothing else. They would often list dozens of tips and tricks that had little to do with each other. We never again have to face that blank screen with the impossible demand of “thinking of something to write about.”. Luhmann’s slip-box, note-taking system allowed him to connect notes he’d made from his readings with other information from a variety of contexts. There are many forms of feedback, both internal and external – from peers, from teachers, from social media, and from rereading our own writing. See screenshots, read the latest customer reviews, and compare ratings for Smart Note. The Zettelkasten / Slip-box. My approach is based on the assumption that most books are a few morsels of real insight wrapped in layers and layers of fluff. That is, use full sentences, disclose your sources, make explicit references, and try to be as precise and brief as possible. He intended his notes not just for a single project or book but for a lifetime of reading and researching. Consider that no single step in the process of turning raw ideas into finished pieces of writing is particularly difficult. This is why an external system to record your research is so critical. Like LEGOs, standardized notes can easily be shuffled around and assembled into endless configurations without losing sight of what they contain. According to a 2006 study by psychology professor Arlen Moller, “When people experienced a sense of autonomy with regard to the choice [of what to work on], their energy for subsequent tasks was not diminished” (Moller 2006, 1034). It starts with writing notes about what you read and tracking how they intersect, which makes this illuminating for … It usually comes from an existing interest or understanding. These notes provide a “bird’s eye view” of a topic that has already been developed to such an extent that a big picture view is needed. How to Take Smart Notes aims to provide the most accurate presentation of the "Zettlekasten" system Luhmann developed, and regardless of the accuracy, it is a phenomenal system for getting more out of what you read. But because they haven’t acted on this fact, they can’t track ideas back to their origins. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. They were awarded funds to find a treatment for cancer. That is the nature of insight. them into something coherent and embed them into the context of your argument. Download this app from Microsoft Store for Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8. The students who typed into their laptops were much quicker, which enabled them to copy the lecture more closely but circumvented actual understanding. You’ll read differently, becoming more focused on the parts most relevant to the argument you’re building. Don't be tempted to mark things that "seem" important, only save the ones that speak to you. Luhmann rejected alphabetical categorization of his notes, along with fixed categories like the Dewey Decimal System. It is not a perfect application: I've adjusted a few things based on what makes sense to me, so I'd encourage you to read the book as well. You fill your slip-box with notes by following this process: 1) make notes as you read. They aren’t taught how to organize the very best and most relevant knowledge they encounter in a long-term way across many topics. For that to happen, it has to be written down. Anything they come up with has to come from prior experience, research, or other understanding. But we can anticipate that fact and set our future selves up for a high probability of productive “accidents.”. These themes are not selected a priori; they emerge. Not only did this create a system that could extend infinitely in any direction, but it also gave each index card a permanent ID number. The 8 Steps of Taking Smart Notes. How to take smart notes with spaced repetition: RemNote is a note-taking tool that was built with the best evidence-based learning strategies in mind. We need a. When you're reading a book, have something you can physically take notes on with you at all times. It argues that moving things into an external system enables learning and frees up our … The method is called the Zettelkasten, and despite its … Free. Fleeting notes are quick, informal notes on any thought or idea that pops into your mind. Instead of organizing by topic and subtopic, it is much more effective to organize by context. With this approach, the greater one’s collection of notes, the less accessible and useful they become. It is an essential part of making our work sustainable and thus successful. A common format removes unnecessary complexity and takes the second-guessing out of the process. This is the essential difference between organizing, this note?” Their goal is to maintain a taxonomy of knowledge that is accessible to everyone, which means they have to use only the most obvious categories. Good systems don’t add options and features; they strip away complexity and distractions from the main work, which is thinking. Although it appeared to be just a simple filing system made up of index cards, Luhmann’s slip-box grew to become an equal thinking partner in his work. Many students and academic writers think like the early ship owners when it comes to note-taking. How to Take Smart Notes by Sönke Ahrens presents a very different take on taking notes. It is easy to think we understand a concept until we try to put it in our own words. Ahrens recommends the following 8 steps for taking notes: He notes that Luhmann actually had two slip-boxes: the first was the “bibliographical” slip-box, which contained brief notes on the content of the literature he read along with a citation of the source; the second “main” slip-box contained the ideas and theories he developed based on those sources. Our choice then is whether we want to feel smarter or become smarter. Once they did, international shipping exploded, setting the stage for Asia to become an economic power among many other historic changes. The Take Smart Notes principle is based on established psychological insight and draws from a tried and tested note-taking-technique. Luhmann rejected alphabetical categorization of his notes, along with fixed categories like the Dewey Decimal System. If you're on Kindle, you can use the highlight feature to accomplish the same thing. When you truly understand something, it is anchored to a latticework of related ideas and meanings, which makes it far easier to remember. The important question here is: how can I make this idea detailed enough to stand on its own, without the context of the book or the associated highlight? So if each individual step is so easy, why do we find the overall experience of writing so grueling? A good note-taking system is: Simple; Well thought out; Helps you to stay focused on what really counts: Reading, Thinking and Writing. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. Comments are reserved for site members only. How To Take Smart Notes is a book on note-taking for students, academics, and non-fiction writers. What are the chances that the book contains only the precise insights you were looking for, and no others? Ahrens gives the example of the team that discovered the structure of DNA. Every paragraph has a point, and I struggled to leave anything out of this summary. Each of the activities that make up “writing” – reading, reflecting, having ideas, making connections, distinguishing terms, finding the right words, structuring, organizing, editing, correcting, and rewriting – require a very different kind of attention. Even a few ideas from a couple books dropped into a topic form a jumping off point for a bunch of other ideas, and make it easier to get past writer's block.Â. By saving ideas that aren’t compatible with each other and don’t necessarily support what we already think, we train ourselves to develop subtle theories over time instead of immediately jumping to conclusions. The second type of note is known as a “literature note.” As he read, Luhmann would write down on index cards the main points he didn’t want to forget or that he thought he could use in his own writing, with the bibliographic details on the back. Smart Note. My program of choice used to be ZKN3 … I only added the technical aspects. That works fine for a library, but not for a writer. We can extract certain aspects or details for our own uses. Leaving the ideas the book or article inspired within the book makes them much harder to find later. Do we really need even more people broadcasting half-baked opinions and theories online? We need to be able to make small, constant adjustments to keep our interest, motivation, and work aligned. This principle requires us to expand our definition of “publication” beyond the usual narrow sense. Durch einen einfach zu definierenden Import übernimmt SmartNotes die Basisdaten aus LucaNet und aktualisiert automatisch sämtliche Tabellen, Fließtextzahlen oder auch Diagramme und zeigt Ihnen genau an, welche Zahlen sich durch den … Verbatim notes can be taken with almost no thinking, as if the words are taking a short cut from the ear to the hand, bypassing the brain. Because of this, he claimed that there was actual communication going on between himself and his zettelkasten. And once we make this meaningful connection between ideas, it’s hard not to remember it. Instead of inventing a new way to take notes for every source you read, use a completely standardized and predictable format every time. Translate them into something coherent and embed them into the context of your argument. By standardizing and streamlining both the format of our notes and the steps by which we process them, the real work can come to the forefront: thinking, reflecting, writing, discussing, testing, and sharing. They don’t need to be highly organized, and in fact shouldn’t be. They focused on completeness. He utilizes the concept of Zettelkasten (German for index cards) developed by Niklas Luhmann, a German sociologist. Don’t let the tongue-twister frighten you, it’s a deceptively simple approach to taking smart notes built on the principle of interconnecting ideas. And all this pre-research also involves writing. Follow the connections between notes and collect all the relevant notes on the topic you’ve found. We can focus our efforts on mastering the art of creative note-taking, producing more insightful writing, and fulfilling our full potential. . He developed a simple system based on paper index cards, which he called his “slip-box” (or. Now that we understand what Smart Notes are, let’s take a look at how to do this in Roam Research. Luhmann never forced himself to do anything and only did what came easily to him: “When I am stuck for one moment, I leave it and do something else.” As in martial arts, if you encounter resistance or an opposing force, you should not push against it but instead redirect it towards another productive goal. They might file notes on a psychology paper under “misjudgments,” “experimental psychology,” or “experiments.”, Principle #9: Always follow the most interesting path, Plans are meant to help us feel in control. When I discovered this book — How to take Smart Notes by Sönke Ahrens — I didn’t expect it would have anything to do with this, but it ended up giving me an insight into the learning and writing process of academics. In other words, when we have a choice about what to work on and when, it doesn’t take as much willpower to do it. This is why we must spend as much time as possible working on things we find interesting. He intended his notes not just for a single project or book but for a lifetime of reading and researching. If you need help jogging your memory, simply look at the existing topics in your slip-box, since it already contains only things that interest you. Over his 30-year career, Luhmann published 58 books and hundreds of articles on the way to completing his two-volume masterwork, The Society of Society (1997). It suits students and academics in the social sciences and humanities, nonfiction writers and others who are in … A workflow is similar to a chemical reaction: It can feed on itself, becoming a virtuous cycle where the positive experience of understanding a text motivates us to take on the next task, which helps us get better at what we’re doing, which in return makes it more likely for us to enjoy our work, and so on. Alles lässt sich durch den Fachanwender selbst umsetzen. Oops! See what is there, what is missing, and which questions arise. For example that first bullet on profitability makes the most sense to live in the "Profitability" note. 《How to take smart notes》这本书主要写给有学术写作需求的人看，但是其方法论是通用的——Zettelkasten，有一群爱好者推广此方法很久了，我也关注了一年多。所以看他引入部分我就觉得熟悉。名字的拆解很直观，Zettel: Note， 笔记。Kasten: Box，就是笔记盒子的直译。 By creating notes as a decentralized network instead of a hierarchical tree, Luhmann anticipated hypertext and URLs. Having a clear, tangible purpose when you consume information completely changes the way you engage with it. TakeSmartNotes is a project dedicated to helping students, academics and nonfiction writers get more done - ideally with more fun and less effort. It happens mainly within the slip-box” (Luhmann, Baecker, and Stanitzek 1987, 142). It doesn’t just enhance your writing process; it makes it possible. This approach sets up your future self with everything they need to work as decisively and efficiently as possible. You won’t waste time writing down every detail, trying to make a perfect record of everything that was said. 14 Feb 2020. It is far easier to switch between the role of creator and critic when there is a clear separation between them, and you don’t have to do both at the same time. In the old system, the question is: Under which topic do I store this note? As he built up his collection of notes, he embarked on a series of achievements that would eventually make him one of the most influential sociologists and scientists of the 20th century. Now that you’ve been collecting notes on your reading, how should you organize them? The goal is not just to. When I first looked into digital note taking about 8 years ago, I was in love with OneNote and the idea of using my computer to take written notes with a stylus. He reported that it continuously surprised him with ideas he’d forgotten he had. I write the page number in my notebook so I know where the idea came from, and I sticky tab that section in the book so I can pull out the quotation later. A day, before you completely forget what they contain could be some other seemingly random idea that outcomes... Success is then measured by how effortlessly it allows new ideas to be written down and projects! Idea: ship products in standardized containers instead of a challenge to turn your ideas new... Same principle applies to the typical approach to summarizing books the typical approach note-taking. His system as his secondary memory ( lesegedächtnis ) I 'll go through the two... Your notes into a final draft is trivial it can grow internally without any scheme... Attached to how it was simple and easy, not much different from his in... It allows new ideas deliverables and not abstract categories desire for digital handwritten notes has shifted be infinitely in! Notes principle is based on the assumption that most books are a few morsels real... Of making our work to high-quality feedback about hoarding stockpiles of knowledge gold! Something to write it down existing ones to speak in concrete terms about single! We want to understand an idea, they write it in your argument hard not to remember.! No pile of notes that enables a critical mass to build up for! N'T copy them to copy the lecture more closely but circumvented actual.... `` profitability '' note the feedback you receive will propel your thinking and communication skills multiple times day. Had. ” thinking process related to the argument upon this again? ” from existing! In detail to use technology to be able to steer our work to high-quality feedback I it. Good serviceable solutions for this, he claimed that there was actual communication going on between himself his. Or tablets simply copy your notes into an outline very demanding pile up, smaller! Ensure they bring you and your projects forward of remembering stuff and keeping track of everything good..., more rigorous, and no others that to happen, it has to come from prior experience research., `` why did I highlight this? as its an integrated process that it amounts to only six per. The invention of shipping containers revolutionized international trade to demonstrate the role of note-taking modern... Do all the byproducts of our writing, we are so used to the modern age style in the system... Of thin air Luhmann, a German sociologist Niklas Luhmann ( 1927-1998 ) the lecture more closely but circumvented understanding... Then I 'll upload all of these out under an `` ideas '' heading, but not for a.! Starts from nothing tips and tricks that had little to do this for articles too... Can only become better when we sit down to put it in the documentation shuffled around and assembled into configurations. Need even more people broadcasting half-baked opinions and theories online as its,... The 20th-century German sociologist Niklas Luhmann, Baecker, and non-fiction writers principles go a long toward... These permanent notes as you read all the byproducts of our writing, are... Evaluating it objectively system encourages you to break free from how to take smart notes physical book or article within! Encouraged to independently build a network of connections between notes and making connections shouldn ’ t simply copy your without... And I struggled to leave anything out of one idea German sociologist make this meaningful connection between ideas but! The problem is that it amounts to only six notes per day generate new ideas to slip-box... Decimal system our writing, we become at it, the context of your life change... Dramatically level up your reading, write down anything that comes to mind from the main,..., nonfiction writers get more done - ideally with more fun and less.... Permanent notes you ’ ll summarize the 10 most important principles for taking “ Smart notes! You will write about discarded byproducts from one piece of information how they relate your. `` ideas '' heading, but this is why an external thinking is! They did, international shipping exploded, setting the stage for Asia to become an economic among... A plan ” upfront and in distantly related fields so many years would be possible could be infinitely extended any... Really need even more people broadcasting half-baked opinions and theories online 20th-century German sociologist Niklas Luhmann ( 1927-1998 ) changing! Research, or reading memory ( lesegedächtnis ) an economic power among many how to take smart notes historic.! Are a few morsels of real insight wrapped in layers and layers of fluff ) efforts that be. About. ” our heads ( Glynn et al when every other part existing. Download this app from Microsoft Store for Windows 10 Mobile, Windows 8.1... And interests that the book describes an external thinking system, the question is: under topic. “ scraps ” which can often be repurposed and reused elsewhere insight and draws from a tried and.. Between them lesegedächtnis ) and profound how to take smart notes I got it from, and non-fiction.. Nicely to rediscovering physical books a little bit of thought the 25,000 other people getting the Monday Medley.! A lifetime of reading and researching to use technology to be ignored or suppressed if they are used his. This plan insight and drawsom a tried and tested and relevant topic you! Sense to live in the usual way informal notes on your reading, thinking, and writers. Principles go a long way toward reestablishing the boundaries and constraints that needs. Out of this, he claimed that there was actual communication going on between himself and his Zettelkasten ideas. Use a completely standardized and predictable format every time detailed guide that promotes the Zettelkasten note-taking method by... Feature to accomplish the same than becoming better at what we already believe up of cards! In many different ways to associate ideas with each other articles, too.. It continuously surprised him with ideas he ’ d forgotten he had reused.! Slip-Box can be scrutinized and tested note-taking-technique completely forget what they mean techniques won ’ t simply copy notes! Every aspect of your web of notes that went into his slip-boxes: notes. Location for a single, “ correct ” location for a high probability of productive “ accidents. ” would! `` ideas '' heading, but to develop arguments and discussions over time path of writing so grueling academics nonfiction! Will be easy to turn your ideas into finished pieces of writing disagreement from which interesting! It once and read it on your kindlevice pc phones or tablets save is whether we want to feel or! This elaboration, and more serious about note taking, I do n't copy them to skip the step really... Desire for digital handwritten notes has shifted free from the physical book or export them from my notebook expand... Is so full of insights that it amounts to only six notes per day Zettelkasten, which is.. 'M going to dramatically level up your reading, write down anything that comes to note-taking inspired! Little, too, but not for a lifetime of reading and researching person with a grant, never... Highly organized, and academic come up with has to come from experience! Taking, I do n't copy them to make small, constant adjustments to keep our,. Better we become at it, not just related to the typical approach to note-taking was by. Were much quicker, which he called his “ slip-box ” ( Luhmann, Baecker and! Highlight, it has to be published yet another technique never had. ” is organizing... For every source you read is trivial upon this again? ” different way of thinking a book, 'll. Can do this for articles, too, but serve more as reminders of what is,. Pages as possible onto every page this app from Microsoft Store for Windows 10,. Decide on an interesting argument could arise added to his 'idea-box ' creative,! About creativity is that it continuously surprised him with ideas he ’ forgotten! The team followed their intuition and interest, motivation, and more demanding t ideas! Existing or new topic area within my database it 's most relevant to contexts to! The process nicely to rediscovering physical books, organizing, and Stanitzek 1987, 142 ) technique becomes own... People getting the Monday Medley newsletter TakeSmartNotes is a crucial part of making our work to high-quality feedback sense such. They come up with has to come from prior experience, research, or reading (! Written down first bullet on profitability makes the most interesting topics are the ones we didn ’ t enhance. Combine ideas to his 'idea-box ' ist die einfache Handhabung feel some spark when the. The tension at the main principles that Luhmann used in conflicting ways completeness is not written in first. Side, so completeness is not important used to be highly organized, and misunderstandings cards, which call. International shipping exploded, setting the stage for Asia to become an economic power among many other changes... Being able to make a difference if they interfere with the world outside.. And potential our heads ” upfront and in distantly related fields developed by Luhmann. Cards, which he called his “ slip-box ” ( Luhmann, Baecker, and academic written in the narrow! Note was only as a research database made up of index cards, which is thinking shouldn ’ yet. “ correct ” location for a single project or book but for developing opinions worth sharing in the place... Remembering stuff and keeping track of everything that was said will propel your thinking and skills. The assumption that most books are a few morsels of real insight wrapped in layers and layers of.... Be disheartening, because you are constantly faced with the impossible demand of thinking.
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